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济南空压机维修容易忽略哪些问题?
Time:2019-01-09 14:30:08       来源:/      

1、当紧缩空气冷却时,有必要及时吹除冷却器、贮气桶、和油分离器内凝结的油水混合物,至少每小时一次。

1. When the compressed air is cooled, it is necessary to blow off the oil-water mixture condensed in the cooler, the storage tank and the oil separator in time, at least once an hour.
2、空气紧缩机在运转中,如果冷却水供应不及时,有必要马上停车以待冷却。
2. Air compressor in operation, if the cooling water supply is not timely, it is necessary to stop imtely for cooling.
3、空气紧缩机在发动前,气缸和冷却器的水套先进水。
3. The water jacket of cylinder and cooler is advanced before starting the air compressor.
4、在气缸水套未彻底冷却前,不得进水,防止气缸壁发作裂缝。
4. Before the cylinder water jacket has not been completely cooled, water must not be injected to prevent cracks in the cylinder wall.
5、进入水套的冷却水,应由特设的具有水压落差的盛水槽放入,水槽上装设水平面指示标尺,在水平面降至极限以下时,信号设备即起效果;也可以选用离心泵进水;不要直接使用自耒水管进水,由于难以看出进水与否。
5. Cooling water entering the water jacket should be put into a special filling tank with water pressure drop difference. A horizontal indicator is installed on the tank. When the water level falls below the limit, the signal equipment will work. Centrifugal pump can also be used to feed water. Do not use tap pipe directly, because it is difficult to see whether the water is coming in or not.
6、由气缸水套或冷却器水套排水,有必要用敞开的液流,以便检查一切冷却设备的不间断效果和测量排水温度。排水温度较进水温度不得高出20℃-30℃ 。
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6. It is necessary to use open fluid flow to check the uninterrupted effect of all cooling equipment and measure the drainage temperature when draining by cylinder water jacket or cooler water jacket. Drainage temperature should not be higher than the intake temperature by 20-30 degrees Celsius.
7、为防止超压而引起爆炸,在紧缩机配备上应设有经校验合格的压力表及安全阀。
7. In order to prevent explosion caused by overpressure, the pressure gauge and safety valve that are qualified should be installed on the equipment of the compressor.
8、当有必要把紧缩空气导入压力较低的体系时,有必要设备减压器。
8. When it is necessary to introduce the compressed air into the system with lower pressure, it is necessary to equip the decompressor.
9、为防止紧缩机体系由于气体爆炸性混合物的发火而遭破裂,有必要采取下列措施:
9. It is necessary to take the following measures in order to prevent the tightener system from rupturing due to the ignition of gas explosive mixtures:
(1)进气管应设于不使不洁气体、蒸发物及尘埃等混入的位置。进气管的进气口应有防止雨水、冰雪和其他杂物侵入的防护罩。
(1) The intake pipe shall be located in a position where impure gases, evaporates and dust shall not be mixed. The intake port of the intake pipe shall be protected from rain, snow and other sundries.
(2)空气须经过滤器以彻底去除其间的尘埃。
(2) The air must pass through the filter to remove the dust thoroughly.
(3)气缸出来的空气,须经特设的水管冷却器降至25℃-30℃左右,防止冷凝水积在导管内。
(3) The air coming out of the cylinder must be reduced to about 25-30 C through a special water pipe cooler to prevent condensation water from accumulating in the conduit.
10、当检查和修理时,须特别注意,防止有擦洗资料、木块等落入气缸、贮气桶及管内,由于此类物质在紧缩空气内或许起火。
10. When inspecting and repairing, special attention should be paid to prevent scrubbing materials, wood blocks, etc. from falling into cylinders, air storage tanks and pipes, as such substances may ignite in compressed air.
11、在清洗气缸壁时,要用火油,不得用汽油,擦洗的布浸油不能过多。
11. When cleaning the cylinder wall, use fuel oil, not gasoline, and the scrubbed cloth should not be too impregnated with oil.
12、经洗净后,须将气缸盖翻开,使火油彻底蒸发。
12. After washing, the cylinder head must be turned over to make the fuel evaporate completely.
13、运用紧缩空气时,其气流方向绝不能朝向工作人员。
13. When using compressed air, the direction of airflow must not be directed towards the staff.
14、空气紧缩机衔接管内部的油垢有必要认真清洗;根据设备运行情况,清洗周期一般为3~6个月。
14. It is necessary to clean the grease scale inside the connecting pipe of the air compressor carefully. According to the operation of the equipment, the cleaning period is generally 3-6 months.
15、在易燃易爆、腐蚀有毒的贮罐区增加凹凸液位报警仪。
15. Adding concave-convex liquid level alarm device in inflammable, explosive, corrosive and toxic tank area.

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