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我国古建筑的择地之谜的破解之法
Time:2019-01-07 15:51:55       来源:/      

“择地在我国古代称为‘相地’,是修建的榜首要素。”,择地自春秋战国时期已开始,两千五百多年来沿袭成规,传承不衰。经过观察研讨他发现,不管衙署、古刹或是府第等古修建对此都十分注重,而它们能够保存至今,成为古代文明的载体和历史文明的见证,与最初缔造者的精心择地不无关系。

"Choosing land in ancient China is called"Xiangdi", which is the first element of construction. Since the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period, site selection has been carried on for more than 2500 years. After observing and studying, he found that no matter the ancient buildings such as government offices, ancient temples or prefectures, they all pay great attention to this, and they can be preserved to this day, and become the carrier of ancient civilization and witness of historical civilization, which is closely related to the carefully chosen place of the original founders.
为什么我国人对择地如此注重?,择地而建从根本上讲契合中华民族“天人合一”的理念。“择地时通常会考虑三大因素。”他说,首先是有用便利和经济,其次是自然环境良好,此外还要契合风水学的基本要求,而不同类型的古修建对此又各有偏重。
Why do Chinese people pay so much attention to the choice of land? It is basically in line with the concept of "harmony between man and nature" of the Chinese nation. "There are usually three factors to consider when choosing a place." He said that the first is useful convenience and economy, followed by a good natural environment, in addition to meeting the basic requirements of geomantic omen, and different types of ancient buildings have their own preferences.
比方寺观选址要合适从事宗教活动的需求,或名山大川,或崖腹山峪,或城池闹市,或村寨一隅。既要避山洪,御狂风,无野兽出没,又要墙垣围护,清静幽雅,合适信徒修炼,便利居士往来。缔造时可不受拘谨,就近取材,使寺观融合于大自然之中令人神往。再如古村落选址考究靠山但不近山,是为了防止泥石流、滑坡等自然灾害;要近水但不临水,是图日子便利又防止狂风洪水要挟。加之我国地形西北高、东南低,西北风居多,因此不管寺庙仍是民宅择地也是以北为主,坐北向南者居多。
园林建筑工程
For example, the site selection of temples should be suitable for the needs of religious activities, or famous mountains, rivers, cliffs, valleys, or downtown cities, or villages. We should not only avoid mountain torrents, resist strong winds and no wild animals, but also enclose walls, which are quiet and elegant, suitable for believers'practice and convenient for residents' intercourse. When it was created, it was not restrained. It was fascinating that temples and temples were integrated into nature. Another example is that ancient villages are located close to mountains but not near mountains in order to prevent natural disasters such as debris flows and landslides, and close to water but not to water, which is convenient for day and day and to prevent the threat of storms and floods. In addition, the topography of our country is high in the northwest, low in the southeast, and the northwest wind is dominant. Therefore, whether temples or houses are located in the north, most of them are sitting in the north to the south.
在择地过程中,我国形成了独有的风水学文明,比方北京周口店山顶洞人居址,据考古学家研讨剖析,当时北京原始人群在周口店选择住址时已懂得避风、向阳、近水和出入疏通,这就是我国最早的风水学,也是人们选择寓居地址最基本的条件。
In the process of choosing the place, China has formed a unique geomantic civilization, such as Beijing Zhoukoudian Hilltop Cave Human Settlement. According to archaeologists'research and analysis, the primitive people in Beijing knew how to shelter from the wind, face the sun, approach the water and access dredging when choosing the place of residence in Zhoukoudian. This is the earliest geomantic omen in China and the most basic condition for people to choose the place of residence.
不过,流传至今的我国风水学中仍有许多忌讳令人费解。比方民宅、陵园、皇宫、寺庙和衙署等许多大型古修建组群的南北中轴线皆不设在子午线上,而是略有偏侧。修建群中的前院后院、前殿后殿、前门后门等每个修建的中线前后皆不对应,也略有偏侧。再如诸多古院子的院门多设在南、东南、东三个方向,以东南为最多,很少在西南和东北方向设门,传说这两个方向是忌位,而详细原因不详。
Nevertheless, there are still many taboos in geomantic omen in our country that are puzzling. For example, many large ancient buildings such as houses, cemeteries, palaces, temples and government offices are not located on the meridian, but slightly sideways. The front courtyard and backyard, front hall and rear hall, front door and back door in the construction group do not correspond to the front and back lines of each construction, but also slightly to the side. Again, many ancient courtyard gates are mostly located in the south, southeast and East directions, with southeast as the most, and rarely in the southwest and northeast. Legend has it that these two directions are taboo, but the detailed reasons are unknown.
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